Wednesday, December 11, 2019

UPSC IAS Exam Pre+Mains Syllabus

UPSC IAS Exam Pre+Mains Syllabus

The Union Public Services Commission conducts the civil services exam(Pre+Mains) in India.
Civil services exam conduct once in every year is common for all students. This exam is conducted in three categories Pre Exam, Mains Exam, Interview.
The Pre-exam first part is included current affair and static gk and second part include static math and English. Pre-exam is conducted in 31may 2020.
Mains exam checks the candidate's academic expertise level. This syllabus focus on current knowledge and mental ability of the candidate.
Mains exam consists of 9 paper and syllabus defined according to a specific subject.
The Pre and Mains exam in written form , those students who qualify both exams are selected for the interview exam.

UPSC IAS Prelims Exam Syllabus

i) Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions) and each will be of two hours duration
 (ii) The General Studies Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.  
(iii) The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English.
General Studies Paper
No.Of Ques.
No of Marks
Time Duration
Paper 1
2 Hour
Paper 2
2 Hour
4 Hour

UPSC conducts prelims exam to shortlist the candidate for the mains exam and different post-Ias, IFS, IPS. General studies 1st paper cutoff decide the candidate result, General studies paper 2 minimum 33% to qualifying the exam.

UPSC IAS Syllabus General Studies Paper 1:  

  • Important national and international current affair 
  • History of India and national movement and Gandhi era
  • India and World Geography
  • Polity
  • Economics
  • General  Science(Phy+Che+Bio)
  • Enviornmental Science 
  • Biodiversity and climate change

UPSC IAS Syllabus General Studies Paper2:

  •  Logical Reasoning 
  • General Mental Ability
  • Decision Making
  • Comprehension
  • Sentence completion
  • Arithmetic upto class 10th level 

UPSC IAS Mains Exam Syllabus

Paper-A (Qualifying Paper)
Indian Language (one of the languages selected from eight schedule language)
Paper-B (Qualifying Paper)
Paper 1
Paper 2
General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
Paper 3
General Studies -II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
Paper 4
General Studies -III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Paper 5
General Studies -IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Paper 6  
Optional Subject - Paper 1
Paper 7
Optional Subject - Paper 2
Sub Total
Written Marks

Interview Marks

Total Marks


  • Paper A Indian Language

    For the Language medium/literature of languages, the scripts to be used by the candidates will be as under:Language Script  
    • Assamese Assamese
    •  Bengali
    •  Bengali
    •  Gujarati
    •  Gujarati
    •  Hindi Devanagari
    •  Kannada Kannada 
    • Kashmiri Persian 
    • Konkani Devanagari
    •  Malayalam Malayalam
    •  Manipuri
    •  Bengali 
    • Marathi
    •  Devanagari Nepali 
    • Devanagari Odia
    •  Odia
    •  Punjabi
    •  Gurumukhi Sanskrit
    •  Devanagari 
    • Sindhi Devanagari or
    •  Arabic 
    • Tamil 
    • Tamil 
    • Telugu
    •  Telugu
    •  Urdu 
    • Persian
    •  BodoDevanagar
  • Paper  B English

QUALIFYING PAPERS ON INDIAN LANGUAGES AND ENGLISH The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian language concerned. The pattern of questions would be broad as follows :
 (i)Comprehension of given passages.
 (ii)Precis Writing.
 (iii)Usage and Vocabulary.
 (iv)Short Essays.Indian Languages: 
(i)comprehension of given passages.
 (ii)Precis Writing.
 (iii)Usage and Vocabulary.
 (iv)Short Essays.
 (v)Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.
 Note 1: The papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. 
Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language

 UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus:

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
  •  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues. 
  • The Freedom Struggle its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.their forms and effect on the society. 
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism .
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.  

    UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 2 Syllabus: 

    General Studies-II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

    •  Indian Constitutionhistorical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
    • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
    • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
    • Parliament and State legislaturesstructure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
    • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the JudiciaryMinistries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
    • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
    • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
    • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
    • Role of civil services in a democracy.
    • India and its neighbourhood-relations.
    • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

    UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 3 Syllabus:
    General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

     Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
    Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, -different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
    Food processing and related industries in India-scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
    Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
    Science and Technology-developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
    Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
    Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention
    Security challenges and their management in border areas -linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
    Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security  

    UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 4 Syllabus: 

    General Studies-IV: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

    • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics -in private and public relationships. Human Values -lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
    • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion
    • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
    • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
    • Case Studies on the above issues.    

      UPSC Mains Paper 6 and Paper 7 Syllabus :

      Optional Subject - Paper 1 and Paper 2   

      Candidates may choose any one of the optional subjects from amongst the list of subjects.

      Official Ias Exam Pdf:

      check here 

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